B. Alexander, Cell turnover in marine sponges: insight into poriferan physiology and nutrient cycling in benthic ecosystems UvA-DARE (Digital Academic Repository) Available at, 2015.

C. Borchiellini, C. Chombard, M. Manuel, E. Alivon, J. Vacelet et al., Molecular phylogeny of Demospongiae: implications for classification and scenarios of character evolution, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol.32, issue.3, pp.823-837, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ympev.2004.02.021

B. Brill, Ultrastructure of choanocytes in Ephydatia fluviatilis L., Zeitschrift f???r Zellforschung und mikroskopische Anatomie, vol.1, issue.11360, pp.231-245, 1973.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00307304

C. Donadey and J. Vacelet, Les cellules à inclusions de l'éponge Pleraplysilla spinifera (Schulze) (Démosponges, Dendroceratides), pp.273-284, 1977.

A. Ereskovsky, The comparative embryology of sponges, Science & Business Media, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/978-90-481-8575-7

A. Ereskovsky, L. Chernogor, and S. Belikov, Ultrastructural description of development and cell composition of primmorphs in the endemic Baikal sponge Lubomirskia baicalensis, Zoomorphology, vol.84, issue.8, pp.11-17, 2016.
DOI : 10.1002/bit.10811

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01444684

A. Ereskovsky, D. Lavrov, N. Boury-esnault, and J. Vacelet, Molecular and morphological description of a new species of Halisarca (Demospongiae: Halisarcida) from Mediterranean Sea and a redescription of the type species Halisarca dujardini, Zootaxa, vol.2768, pp.5-31, 2011.

N. Funayama, M. Nakatsukasa, K. Mohri, Y. Masuda, and K. Agataa, Piwi expression in archeocytes and choanocytes in demosponges: insights into the stem cell system in demosponges, Evolution & Development, vol.236, issue.3, pp.275-287, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4612-5214-6

E. Gaino, B. Burlando, L. Zunino, M. Pansini, and P. Buffa, (Porifera, Demospongiae), International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, vol.17, issue.2, pp.83-93, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0014-4827(61)90347-0

E. Gaino, M. Mercurio, M. Sciscioli, and G. Corriero, (Wright, 1881) (Porifera, Demospongiae), Italian Journal of Zoology, vol.14, issue.1, pp.64-69, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1439-0485.1993.tb00005.x

R. Garrone, C. Lethias, and J. Escaig, Freeze fracture study of sponge cell-membranes and extracellular matrix. Preliminary results, Biologie Cellulaire, vol.38, pp.71-74, 1980.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00314757

E. Gazave, P. Lapébie, A. Ereskovsky, J. Vacelet, R. E. Cárdenas et al., No longer Demospongiae: Homoscleromorpha formal nomination as a fourth class of Porifera, Hydrobiologia, vol.3, issue.1, pp.3-10, 2012.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0002723

E. Gonobobleva and M. Maldonado, (Demospongiae, Halisarcida), Journal of Morphology, vol.226, issue.5, pp.615-627, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4612-5214-6_1

D. , R. Ne, J. Reed, S. Richey, A. Riesgo et al., Reconstruction of familylevel phylogenetic relationships within Demospongiae (Porifera) using nuclear encoded housekeeping genes, PLoS ONE, vol.8, p.50437, 2013.

J. Hooper and R. Van-soest, Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4615-0747-5_1

V. Itskovich, A. Gontcharov, M. Yo, T. Nohno, S. Belikov et al., Ribosomal ITS Sequences Allow Resolution of Freshwater Sponge Phylogeny with Alignments Guided by Secondary Structure Prediction, Journal of Molecular Evolution, vol.31, issue.13, pp.608-620, 2008.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511623547

S. Karpov and S. Efremova, Ultrathin structure of the flagellar apparatus in the choanocyte of the sponge Ephydatia fluviatilis, Tsitologia, vol.36, pp.403-408, 1994.

P. Langenbruch and W. Jones, A new type of central cell in the choanocyte chambers of Pellina fistulosa (Porifera, Demospongiae), Zoomorphology, vol.85, issue.1, pp.1-14, 1989.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00312179

C. Lévi, Sur une nouvelle classification des Démosponges. C R hebd séan Acad sci, Paris, vol.236, pp.853-855, 1953.

M. Maldonado, Embryonic development of verongid demosponges supports the independent acquisition of spongin skeletons as an alternative to the siliceous skeleton of sponges, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol.47, issue.2, pp.427-447, 2009.
DOI : 10.1080/07924259.2005.9652146

M. Maldonado, X. Zhang, X. Cao, L. Xue, H. Cao et al., Selective feeding by sponges on pathogenic microbes: a reassessment of potential for abatement of microbial pollution, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol.403, pp.75-89, 2010.
DOI : 10.3354/meps08411

R. Manconi and R. Pronzato, Suborder Spongillina subord. nov.: Freshwater sponges Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges, pp.921-1019, 2002.

R. Manconi and R. Pronzato, Gemmules as a key structure for the adaptive radiation of freshwater sponges: a morphofunctional and biogeographical study, Porifera research: biodiversity , innovation and sustainability. Série Livros 28. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional, pp.233-237, 2007.

R. Manconi and R. Pronzato, Phylum Porifera Ecology and general biology: Thorp and Covich's freshwater invertebrates, pp.133-157, 2015.

C. Morrow and P. Cárdenas, Proposal for a revised classification of the Demospongiae (Porifera), Frontiers in Zoology, vol.13, issue.59, p.7, 2015.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4615-0747-5_114

C. Morrow, B. Picton, D. Erpenbeck, N. Boury-esnault, C. Maggs et al., Congruence between nuclear and mitochondrial genes in Demospongiae: A new hypothesis for relationships within the G4 clade (Porifera: Demospongiae), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol.62, issue.1, pp.174-190, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.09.016

C. Morrow, N. Redmond, B. Picton, R. Thacker, A. Collins et al., Molecular Phylogenies Support Homoplasy of Multiple Morphological Characters Used in the Taxonomy of Heteroscleromorpha (Porifera: Demospongiae), Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol.37, issue.4, pp.428-446, 2013.
DOI : 10.1080/106351598260635

I. Pozdnyakov and S. Karpov, Flagellar apparatus structure of choanocyte in Sycon sp. and its significance for phylogeny of Porifera, Zoomorphology, vol.226, issue.4, pp.351-357, 2013.
DOI : 10.1002/jmor.1052260302

I. Pozdnyakov and S. Karpov, Structure of choanocyte's kinetid in sponge Haliclona sp. (Demospongiae, Haplosclerida) and its implication for taxonomy and phylogeny of Demospongiae, Journal of Zoology, vol.94, pp.17-25, 2015.

I. Pozdnyakov and S. Karpov, Kinetid structure in Choanocytes of Sponges (Heteroscleromorpha): Toward the ancestral Kinetid of Demospongiae, Journal of Morphology, vol.75, issue.7, pp.925-934, 2016.
DOI : 10.1111/tpj.12145

N. Redmond, C. Morrow, R. Thacker, M. Diaz, N. Boury-esnault et al., Phylogeny and Systematics of Demospongiae in Light of New Small-Subunit Ribosomal DNA (18S) Sequences, Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol.61, issue.1, pp.388-415, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/B978-0-12-387787-1.00007-6

N. Redmond, R. J. Van-soest, R. Kelly, M. Travers, S. Bradshaw et al., Phylogenetic Relationships of the Marine Haplosclerida (Phylum Porifera) Employing Ribosomal (28S rRNA) and Mitochondrial (cox1, nad1) Gene Sequence Data, PLoS ONE, vol.14, issue.7, p.24344, 2011.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0024344.s011

J. Reveillaud, C. Allewaert, T. Pérez, J. Vacelet, B. Banaigs et al., Relevance of an integrative approach for taxonomic revision in sponge taxa: case study of the shallow-water Atlanto-Mediterranean Hexadella species (Porifera???:???Ianthellidae???:???Verongida), Invertebrate Systematics, vol.26, issue.3, pp.230-248, 2012.
DOI : 10.1071/IS11044

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01766412

A. Riesgo and M. Maldonado, An unexpectedly sophisticated, V-shaped spermatozoon in Demospongiae (Porifera): reproductive and evolutionary implications, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol.5, issue.2, pp.413-426, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4612-5214-6_7

M. Sciscioli, E. Lepore, G. Corriero, L. Scalera-liaci, and E. Gaino, (Porifera, Demospongiae): A cue for water flow into the sponge body, Italian Journal of Zoology, vol.85, issue.4, pp.291-296, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-5320(82)90005-3

A. Schuster, S. Vargas, I. Knapp, S. Pomponi, R. Toonen et al., Divergence times in demosponges (Porifera): first insights from new mitogenomes and the inclusion of fossils in a birth-death clock model. bioRxiv preprint, pp.10-1101, 2017.
DOI : 10.1101/159806

P. Simion, H. Philippe, D. Baurain, M. Jager, D. Richter et al., A Large and Consistent Phylogenomic Dataset Supports Sponges as the Sister Group to All Other Animals, Current Biology, vol.27, issue.7, pp.1-10, 2017.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cub.2017.02.031

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01681528

L. Smith and W. Hildemann, Cellular morphology of Callyspongia diffusa (Porifera: Demospongia), New perspectives in sponge biology, pp.135-143, 1990.

S. Sogabe, N. Nakanishi, and B. Degnan, The ontogeny of choanocyte chambers during metamorphosis in the demosponge Amphimedon queenslandica, EvoDevo, vol.20, issue.42, 2016.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01143.x

E. Sperling, K. Peterson, and D. Pisani, Phylogenetic-Signal Dissection of Nuclear Housekeeping Genes Supports the Paraphyly of Sponges and the Monophyly of Eumetazoa, Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol.14, issue.4, pp.2261-2274, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1096-0031.1998.tb00338.x

X. Turon, J. Galera, and M. Uriz, Clearance rates and aquiferous systems in two sponges with contrasting life-history strategies, The Journal of Experimental Zoology, vol.79, issue.1, pp.22-36, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-5320(82)90005-3

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01663418

Y. Watanabe, STRUCTURE AND FORMATION OF THE COLLAR IN CHOANOCYTES OF TETILLA SERICA (LEBWOHL), DEMOSPONGE, Development, Growth and Differentiation, vol.58, issue.1, pp.79-91, 1978.
DOI : 10.1083/jcb.50.1.135

J. Vacelet, C. Borchiellini, T. Perez, V. Bultel-poncé, J. Brouard et al., Morphological, chemical and biochemical characterization of a new species of sponge without skeleton (Porifera, Demospongiae) from the Mediterranean Sea, Zoosystema, vol.22, pp.313-326, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00086754

J. Vacelet, N. Boury·esnault, L. De-vos, and C. Donadey, Comparative study of the choanosome of porifera: II. The keratose sponges, Journal of Morphology, vol.4, issue.2, pp.119-129, 1989.
DOI : 10.1080/03014223.1980.10423761

J. Vacelet and T. Perez, Phorbas topsenti and Phorbas tailliezi (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida), new names for the Mediterranean Phorbas paupertas and Phorbas coriaceus, Zootaxa, vol.1873, pp.26-38, 2008.

P. Willenz, A. Ereskovsky, and D. Lavrov, Integrative taxonomic re-description of Halisarca magellanica and description of a new species of Halisarca (Porifera, Demospongiae) from Chilean Patagonia??, Zootaxa, vol.4208, issue.6, pp.501-533, 2017.
DOI : 10.11646/zootaxa.4208.6.1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01474016

P. Willenz and S. Pomponi, A new deep sea coralline sponge from Turks and Caicos Islands: Willardia caicosensis gen. et sp. nov.(Demospongiae: Hadromerida) Bulletin de l'Institut royal des sciences naturelles de, Belgique, vol.66, pp.205-218, 1996.

G. Wörheide, M. Dohrmann, D. Erpenbeck, C. Larroux, M. Maldonado et al., Deep phylogeny and evolution of sponges (phylum Porifera), Advances in Marine Biology, vol.61, pp.1-78, 2012.