HIV/AIDS related stigmatization in chinese society : bridging the gap between official responses and civil society.

Abstract : To understand the contradictions in Chinese society with regard to the prevention of HIV/AIDS, one has to be aware that three systems of representation and practice coexist within this society. It is in a paradigmatic context of pluralism that values, behaviour and action are negotiated: the first system derives from Chinese tradition; the second system was introduced by Marxist ideology and nurtured the ambition of constructing a socialist society; while the third system may be associated with the global – “globalizing” or “globalized” – model with which China, like the rest of the world, is today confronted. Denial of the epidemic for over a decade was the product of a silence imposed by Chinese tradition and by socialist ideology. These consensual silences – motivated by the desire to “save face”,2 and by the vision of a socialist Utopia – were finally broken by the mounting “global” pressure as the epidemic came to assume crisis proportions. In everyday life, the resulting tensions find expression in the stigmatization not only of HIV-infected individuals and their families and communities, but also of sympathizers and activists, whether acting independently or within social organizations.
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Evelyne Micollier. HIV/AIDS related stigmatization in chinese society : bridging the gap between official responses and civil society.. HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination : an anthropological approach : proceedings of the round table. VIH/SIDA stigmatisation et discrimination : une approche anthropologique, UNESCO, pp.33-46, 2003, Studies and Reports, Special Serie, Issue n°20; Division of Cultural Policies and Intercultural Dialogue. ⟨ird-00200799⟩

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