Water use efficiency and yield of winter wheat under different irrigation regimes in a semi-arid region

Abstract : In irrigation schemes under rotational water supply in semi-arid region, the water allocation and irrigation scheduling are often based on a fixed-area proportionate water depth with every irrigation cycle irrespective of crops and their growth stages, for an equitable water supply. An experiment was conducted during the 2004- 2005 season in Haouz irrigated area in Morocco, which objective was 1) to evaluate the effects of the surface irrigation scheduling method (ex-isting rule) adopted by the irrigation agency on winter wheat production compared to a full ir-rigation method and 2) to evaluate drip irrigation versus surface irrigation impacts on water sav-ing and yield of winter wheat. The methodology was based on the FAO-56 dual approach for the surface irrigation scheduling. Ground measure- ments of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) were used to derive the basal crop coefficient and the vegetation fraction cover. The simple FAO-56 approach was used for drip irrigation scheduling. For surface irrigation, the existing rule approach resulted in yield and WUE reductions of 22% and 15%, respectively, compared with the optimized irrigation sched-uling proposed by the FAO-56 for full irrigation treatment. This revealed the negative effects of the irrigation schedules adopted in irrigation schemes under rotational water supply on crops productivity. It was also demonstrated that drip irrigation applied to wheat was more efficient with 20% of water saving in comparison with surface irrigation (full irrigation treatment). Drip irrigation gives also higher wheat yield com-pared to surface irrigation (+28% and +52% for full irrigation and existing rule treatments re-spectively). The same improvement was ob-served for water use efficiency (+24% and +59% respectively).
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Mohamed Hakim Kharrou, Salah Er-Raki, Ahmed Chehbouni, Benoit Duchemin, Vincent Simonneaux, et al.. Water use efficiency and yield of winter wheat under different irrigation regimes in a semi-arid region. Agricultural Sciences in China, Elsevier Masson, 2011, 02 (03), pp.273-282. ⟨10.4236/as.2011.23036⟩. ⟨ird-01199043⟩

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