Holocene oscillations of Southwest Atlantic shelf circulation based on planktonic foraminifera from an upwelling system (off Cabo Frio, Southeastern Brazil)

Abstract : The Brazil Current (BC) is a relevant feature in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). Its behavior during slowdown or intense AMOC remains poorly known because of the lack of paleoceanographic records, especially for the Holocene. Here, we investigate changes in a western boundary upwelling system (Cabo Frio, off Southeastern Brazil) which are driven by variations in the BC and NE winds during the last 9 kyr. To assess the variability of the BC, we used δ18O, Mg/Ca, and assemblages of planktonic foraminifera. Our results indicate five oceanographic phases during the last 9 kyr. During Phase I (from 9.0 to 7.0 cal kyr BP), the BC diverged offshore from the modern upwelling area because of the low sea level, increasing the influence of shelf waters and coastal upwelling plumes on foraminifera assemblages. Phase II (7.0-5.0 kyr BP) was marked by the approach of the internal front of the BC with low intensity and episodes of strong productivity that were linked primarily to the upwelling of the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) and/or Subpolar Shelf Waters (SPSWs) (cold). Phase III (5.0-3.5 kyr BP) was a transition, marking a large oceanographic and climatic change from the weakening of the AMOC. The internal front of the BC became warm and subsurface SACW upwelling was stronger. In Phase IV (3.5-2.5 kyr BP), the BC acquired its modern dynamics, but weak NE winds weakened the SACW's contribution to upwelling events. Finally, in Phase V (last 2.5 kyr BP), the NE winds reintensified, promoting frequent episodes of upwelling and intrusion by SPSWs during the Medieval Climate Anomaly.
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Soumis le : mercredi 8 février 2017 - 23:04:38
Dernière modification le : mercredi 21 mars 2018 - 18:58:10

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Douglas V. Lessa, Igor M. Venancio, Thiago P. Dos Santos, André L. Belem, Bruno Turcq, et al.. Holocene oscillations of Southwest Atlantic shelf circulation based on planktonic foraminifera from an upwelling system (off Cabo Frio, Southeastern Brazil). Holocene, SAGE Publications, 2016, 26 (8), pp.1175-1187. 〈http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0959683616638433〉. 〈10.1177/0959683616638433〉. 〈ird-01462811〉

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