Effects of extraction method and storage of dry tissue on marine lipids and fatty acids

Abstract : Various protocols are currently used to study marine lipids, but there is a growing interest in working on dry samples that are easier to transport. However, reference protocols are still lacking for dry samples. In order to make recommendations on this use, lipid classes and fatty acids (FA) obtained from six analytical protocols using two different tissue states (dry vs wet) and three extraction methods (automat vs manual potter vs leaving the solvent to work on tissue) were compared. Three dry storage modes of tissue (freezer vs gas nitrogen vs dry room) during one and three months were also compared. These comparisons were made on seven marine species with different lipid profiles, including fishes, crustaceans and mollusks. Lipid classes and FA obtained from wet and dry tissues were similar, but they were affected by the extraction methods. Regardless of tissue state, “Leave to work” methods obtained the highest lipid quantities, followed by manual potter and automat methods (ca. 90% and 80% of “Leave to work” methods, respectively). Linear relationships allowed correction for lipid classes and FA concentrations obtained from different protocols. The repeatability of all protocols still needs to be improved, especially for fish species. Increasing the replicate number for each sample might be an indirect way to improve lipid quantification. Our results show that storing dry tissues in the freezer for more than one month was associated with a decrease in lipids, which is also observed for other storage methods. For qualitative studies of FA (expressed in %), a three-month storage of dry tissue in freezer did not affect the relative composition of species/tissues with a lipid content below 20% of dry weight.
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Fany Sardenne, Nathalie Bodin, Luisa Métral, Anaïs Crottier, Fabienne Le Grand, et al.. Effects of extraction method and storage of dry tissue on marine lipids and fatty acids. Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 1051, pp.82-93. ⟨10.1016/j.aca.2018.11.012⟩. ⟨lirmm-01938883⟩

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