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Growth spurt, relative fat distribution and physical activity of Senegalese rural male adolescents

Abstract : This study examines the height growth spurt of a group of 378 adolescent boys from rural Senegal (West Africa), along with their subcutaneous fat changes through puberty. Habitual physical activity was qualitatively estimated in a subsample of 40 adolescents via a questionnaire; it was quantitatively assessed by an accelerometer worn for 3 consecutive days. Using the Preece-Baine model, a delay of about 3 years in the growth spurt was discernable compared with CDC reference data. Despite this delay, older adolescents reached a final stature of around the 50th percentile of the reference. Subcutaneous fat increased after the age at take-off, with substantial trunk fat deposition. These adolescents appeared to be fairly active, spending 38% of their time during the day performing vigorous activities. These results are in line with other African studies describing a slow and prolonged growth process. The fat regional deposition pattern also conformed to that of adolescents from industrialized countries. No significant relationship between physical activity and nutritional status was evidenced.
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Contributor : Eric Benefice Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, February 1, 2008 - 5:32:03 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 1, 2008 - 9:00:35 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, June 27, 2011 - 4:47:26 PM


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Eric Bénéfice. Growth spurt, relative fat distribution and physical activity of Senegalese rural male adolescents. Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy, 2007, 3 (1), pp.55-64. ⟨ird-00229731⟩



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