La demande d'enfants en Afrique subsaharienne

Abstract : This chapter studies the demand of children in sub-Saharan Africa in order to better understand the bases of the high fertility in the region. The authors first present the role of the concept in the various formulations of the theory of the demographic transition. They show then the specificity of Africa in the matter. After having highlighted the contributions and limits of the variables used to apprehend the concept of children demand, the authors analyze the variation between different countries of the area and the evolution in the time of desire of children, ideal number of children and total wanted fertility rate. This variation is noted at different level: all women as well as young women or men. The comparison of the children demand and the level of fertility shows, that in general, women have more children than they want, whereas the opposite is noted for men. The retrospective approach, suggests that the transition of fertility in Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya and Niger, begins with a decrease in the demand of children before a reduction in non desired fertility. The multinomial logistic model, applied to the data, shows that age, instruction level, availability of source of family planning and standard of living are the most important factors in the children demand. At last, the authors suggest, on the basis of comprehensive analysis framework of the evolution of fertility, a number of research priorities for a better understanding of the evolutions of the children demand and their roles in those of fertility.
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Patrice Vimard, Raïmi Fassassi. La demande d'enfants en Afrique subsaharienne. Benoît Ferry. L'Afrique face à ses défis démographiques : un avenir incertain, Karthala, pp.379, 2007. ⟨ird-00266779⟩

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