Synthèse : entre présent contrasté et avenir incertain : la démographie, la santé de la reproduction et le développement en Afrique subsaharienne

Abstract : Leaning on all the contributions in the book " Africa and its demographic challenges: an uncertain future ", the chapter of synthesis aims first of all at presenting the main links between the questions of population, by including the health of the reproduction, and the economic growth, by considering the relations between the demographic dynamics and the spheres which participate in the social development: economy, health, education, etc. This synthesis underlines quite particularly the big characteristics of the demo-economic evolution of sub-Saharan Africa, to place better the political stakes: late entry to the demographic transition; weak economic and social development; diversification of demographic regimes, political systems and savings; increase of the social and spatial disparities inside countries; reversibility of certain progress, dramatic in mortality and in grown-up or infanto-young health, with the AIDS, the conflicts and the poverty. This synthesis also brings to light the priorities of action in education, in fight against the mortality, in fair access to the services of health and health of the reproduction, including for the young people, which should allow to impulse new carrier changes of progress and improvement of the living conditions. Finally the research priorities, which get free of various contributions, are proposed to light the definition and the implemented of the policies.
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Patrice Vimard. Synthèse : entre présent contrasté et avenir incertain : la démographie, la santé de la reproduction et le développement en Afrique subsaharienne. Benoit Ferry. L'Afrique face à ses défis démographiques : un avenir incertain, Karthala, pp.329-367, 2007. ⟨ird-00294044⟩

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