Evidence of low land surface thermal infrared emissivity in the presence of dry vegetation

Abstract : Land surface emissivity in the thermal infrared usually increases when the vegetation amount increases, reaching values that are larger than 0.98. During an experiment in Morocco over dry barley crops, it was found that emissivity may be significantly lower than 0.98 at full cover and that in some situations, it might decrease with increasing amount of vegetation, which was unexpected. Older data acquired in Barrax, Spain, over senescent barley also exhibited emissivity values lower than 0.98. The decrease of emissivity was also observed by means of simulations done with our land surface emissivity model developed earlier. The main reason for such behavior might be found in low leaf emissivity due to leaf dryness. This letter also stresses that knowledge on leaf and canopy emissivities and on their variation as a function of water content is still very limited.
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Albert Olioso, G. Soria, J. Sobrino, B. Duchemin. Evidence of low land surface thermal infrared emissivity in the presence of dry vegetation. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007, 4 (1), pp.112-116. ⟨10.1109/LRGS.2006.885857⟩. ⟨ird-00389431⟩

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