Jeux d'esprits : ce que sont les esprits pour les Kulung

Abstract : This paper aims to show how a population with an oral tradition, the Kulung from Nepal, conceives spirits and, through that description, to seize the status which should be given to such representations in the language of anthropological analysis. I argue that spirits are not stable representations. Rather, they are representations varying according to the situations in which they actualize themselves. The study of such situations (encounters with spirits and narratives about them, misfortune and divination, ritual, myth), which I label “fields of actualization”, reveal that underlying representations of spirits are not homogeneous – notably whether they have to do, according to the Kulung outlook, with re-presentations (evocating an absence) or manifestations (marking a presence). These representations are more or less articulated together according to a logics of looseness and of doubt. Unstable, these representations which allows the articulation of elements otherwise incompatible must constantly be rethought, which allows the elaboration of an implicit cosmology, partly built within the framework of action.
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Grégoire Schlemmer. Jeux d'esprits : ce que sont les esprits pour les Kulung. Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2009, 145, pp.93-108. ⟨ird-00556864⟩

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