Le scepticisme des informateurs de terrain : calvaire de l'enquêteur ou matériaux pour une analyse anthropologique ?

Abstract : Motivated by the doubt installed in people my research has lead me to meet, my intention in this article is to show that doubt is not necessarily merely a parasite to be eliminated, but can of itself be the object of analysis. The article seeks to show that doubt is not the opposite of belief – in the sense of a cognitive attitude of confidence in the truth of one's findings – but rather that it is the foundation of belief. Doubt gives us the distinction between knowledge and belief. Belief requires confidence in the bearer of findings to which one adheres – a bearer who must therefore be an authority. It is thereby possible to propose a political approach to doubt. Using several concrete examples, the article shows that doubt can be an active element in one's relations to power and that the multiplicity and contextuality of truths underlying the plurality of forces in play in the group and between groups.
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Grégoire Schlemmer. Le scepticisme des informateurs de terrain : calvaire de l'enquêteur ou matériaux pour une analyse anthropologique ?. Actes du 5e colloque de l'AJEI, Pratiques de terrain et discours scientifiques en Asie du Sud, 2003, New Delhi, Inde. pp.104-113. ⟨ird-00557476⟩

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