A. M. Arain, J. Michaud, and W. J. Shuttleworth, Testing of vegetation parameter aggregation rules applicable to the Biosphere-Atmosphere Transfer Scheme (BATS) and the FIFE site, Journal of Hydrology, vol.177, issue.1-2, pp.1-22, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-1694(95)02921-4

J. Asanuma and K. Lemoto, Measurements of regional sensible heat flux over Mongolian grassland using large aperture scintillometer, Journal of Hydrology, vol.333, issue.1, pp.58-67, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.07.031

W. G. Bastiaanssen, D. J. Molden, and I. W. Makin, Remote sensing for irrigated agriculture: examples from research and possible applications, Agricultural Water Management, vol.46, issue.2, pp.137-155, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-3774(00)00080-9

E. M. Blyth and R. J. Harding, Application of aggregation models to surface heatflux from the Sahelian Tiger Bush, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.72, pp.3-4, 1995.

H. Braden, Energy fluxes from heterogeneous terrain: averaging input parameters of the Penman-Monteith formula, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.75, issue.1-3, pp.1-3, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-1923(94)02199-T

D. Brunt, Notes on radiation in the atmosphere. I, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.58, issue.1, pp.389-418, 1932.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49705824704

W. Brutsaert, On a derivable formula for long-wave radiation from clear skies, Water Resources Research, vol.4, issue.5, pp.742-744, 1975.
DOI : 10.1029/WR011i005p00742

W. Brutsaert, Evaporation into the Atmosphere, Reidel, 1982.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-017-1497-6

A. Chehbouni, E. G. Njoku, J. P. Lhomme, and Y. H. Kerr, Approaches for Averaging Surface Parameters and Fluxes over Heterogeneous Terrain, Journal of Climate, vol.8, issue.5, pp.1386-1393, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<1386:AFASPA>2.0.CO;2

A. Chehbouni, Y. H. Kerr, C. Watts, O. Hartogensis, D. C. Goodrich et al., Estimation of area-average sensible heat flux using a large-aperture scintillometer during the Semi-Arid Land-Surface-Atmosphere (SALSA) Experiment, Water Resources Research, vol.112, issue.8, pp.2505-2512, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/1999WR900111

A. Chehbouni, C. Watts, Y. H. Kerr, G. Dedieu, J. Rodriguez et al., Methods to aggregate turbulent fluxes over heterogeneous surfaces: application to SALSA data set in Mexico, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.105, issue.1-3, pp.133-144, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00185-4

A. Chehbouni, C. Watts, J. P. Lagouarde, Y. H. Kerr, J. C. Rodriguez et al., Estimation of heat and momentum fluxes over complex terrain using a large aperture scintillometer, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.105, issue.1-3, pp.215-226, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00187-8

A. Chehbouni, J. C. Hoedjes, J. C. Rodriquez, C. J. Watts, J. Garatuza et al., Using remotely sensed data to estimate area-averaged daily surface over a semi-arid mixed agriculture land, pp.330-342, 2008.

A. Chehbouni, J. Ezzahar, C. Watts, J. C. Rodríguez, and J. Garatuza-payan, Estimating Q3 area-averaged surface fluxes over contrasted agricultural patchwork in a semiarid region Advances in Remote Sensing and Geoinformation Processing for Land Degradation Assessment

A. Chehbouni, R. Escadafal, G. Boulet, B. Duchemin, V. Simonneaux et al., An integrated modelling and remote sensing approach for hydrological study in arid and semi???arid regions: the SUDMED Programme, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.32, issue.17-18, pp.5161-518110, 1080.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.04.008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-00669424

B. J. Choudhury and J. L. Monteith, A four-layer model for the heat budget of homogeneous land surfaces, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.7, issue.480, pp.373-398, 1988.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49711448006

B. J. Choudhury, Relationships between vegetation indices, radiation absorption, and net photosynthesis evaluated by a sensitivity analysis, Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.22, issue.2, pp.209-233, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0034-4257(87)90059-9

T. M. Crawford, D. J. Stensrud, T. N. Carlson, and W. J. Capehart, Using a Soil Hydrology Model to Obtain Regionally Averaged Soil Moisture Values, Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol.1, issue.4, pp.353-363, 2000.
DOI : 10.1175/1525-7541(2000)001<0353:UASHMT>2.0.CO;2

D. Bruin, H. A. Kohsiek, W. Van-den-hurk, and B. J. , A verification of some methods to determine the fluxes of momentum, sensible heat, and water vapour using standard deviation and structure parameter of scalar meteorological quantities, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol.20, issue.3, pp.231-257, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00710461

H. F. Duarte, N. L. Dias, and S. R. Maggiotto, Assessing daytime downward longwave radiation estimates for clear and cloudy skies in Southern Brazil Agricultural and forest meteorology 139, pp.171-181, 2006.

S. Er-raki, A. Chehbouni, J. Hoedjes, J. Ezzahar, B. Duchemin et al., Improvement of FAO-56 method for olive orchards through sequential assimilation of thermal infrared-based estimates of ET, Agricultural Water Management, vol.95, issue.3, pp.309-321, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agwat.2007.10.013

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00277005

J. Ezzahar, A. Chehbouni, J. C. Hoedjes, and A. Chehbouni, On the application of scintillometry over heterogeneous surfaces, Journal of Hydrology, vol.34, pp.493-501, 2007.

J. Ezzahar, A. Chehbouni, J. C. Hoedjes, S. Er-raki, A. Chehbouni et al., The use of the scintillation technique for monitoring seasonal water consumption of olive orchards in a semi-arid region, Agricultural Water Management, vol.89, issue.3, pp.173-184, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agwat.2006.12.015

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-00389660

J. Ezzahar, A. Chehbouni, J. Hoedjes, D. Ramier, N. Boulain et al., Combining scintillometer measurements and an aggregation scheme to estimate area-averaged latent heat flux during the AMMA experiment, Journal of Hydrology, vol.375, issue.1-2, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.01.010

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-00389812

R. T. Field, L. J. Fritschen, E. T. Kanemasu, E. A. Smith, J. B. Stewart et al., Calibration, comparison, and correction of net radiation instruments used during FIFE, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.90, issue.D17, pp.681-18695, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/91JD03171

M. Gomez, J. Sobrino, A. Olioso, and F. Jacob, Retrieval of evapotranspiration over the Alpilles/ReSeDA experimental site using airborne POLDER sensor and a thermal camera, Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.96, issue.3-4, pp.399-408, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rse.2005.03.006

H. M. Hemakumara, L. Chandrapala, and A. F. Moene, Evapotranspiration fluxes over mixed vegetation areas measured from large aperture scintillometer, Agricultural Water Management, vol.58, issue.2, pp.109-122, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-3774(02)00131-2

J. C. Hoedjes, R. M. Zuurbier, and C. J. Watts, Large aperture scintillometer used over a homogeneous irrigated area, partly affected by regional advection, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol.105, issue.1, pp.99-117, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1019644420081

J. C. Hoedjes, A. Chehbouni, J. Ezzahar, R. Escadafal, and H. A. De-bruin, Comparison of Large Aperture Scintillometer and Eddy Covariance Measurements: Can Thermal Infrared Data Be Used to Capture Footprint-Induced Differences?, Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol.8, issue.2, pp.144-159, 2007.
DOI : 10.1175/JHM561.1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-00389737

J. C. Hoedjes, A. Chehbouni, F. Jacob, J. Ezzahar, and G. Boulet, Deriving daily evapotranspiration from remotely sensed instantaneous evaporative fraction over olive orchard in semi-arid Morocco, Journal of Hydrology, vol.354, issue.1-4, pp.53-64, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.02.016

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-00388433

T. W. Horst and J. C. Weil, How Far is Far Enough?: The Fetch Requirements for Micrometeorological Measurement of Surface Fluxes, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.11, issue.4, pp.1018-1025, 1994.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1994)011<1018:HFIFET>2.0.CO;2

K. S. Humes, W. P. Kustas, and M. S. Moran, Use of remote sensing and reference site measurements to estimate instantaneous surface energy balance components over a semiarid rangeland watershed, Water Resources Research, vol.25, issue.5, pp.1363-1373, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/93WR03082

J. Kleissl, J. Gomez, S. Hong, J. M. Hendrickx, T. Rahn et al., Large Aperture Scintillometer Intercomparison Study, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol.61, issue.1, pp.133-150, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s10546-008-9274-1

S. B. Idso, A set of equations for full spectrum and 8- to 14-??m and 10.5- to 12.5-??m thermal radiation from cloudless skies, Water Resources Research, vol.277, issue.8, pp.295-304, 1981.
DOI : 10.1029/WR017i002p00295

R. D. Jackson, R. J. Reginato, and S. B. Idso, Wheat canopy temperature: A practical tool for evaluating water requirements, Water Resources Research, vol.58, issue.3, pp.651-656, 1977.
DOI : 10.1029/WR013i003p00651

H. G. Jones, N. Archer, E. Rotenberg, and R. Casa, Radiation measurement for plant ecophysiology, Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.54, issue.384, pp.879-889, 2003.
DOI : 10.1093/jxb/erg116

W. P. Kustas, C. S. Daughtry, and P. J. Van-oevelen, Analytical treatment of the relationships between soil heat flux/net radiation ratio and vegetation indices, Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.46, issue.3, pp.319-330, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0034-4257(93)90052-Y

W. P. Kustas and D. C. Goodrich, Preface [to special section on Monsoon '90 Multidisciplinary Experiment], Water Resources Research, vol.70, issue.5, pp.1211-1225, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/93WR03068

W. P. Kustas and J. M. Norman, Evaluating the Effects of Subpixel Heterogeneity on Pixel Average Fluxes, Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.74, issue.3, pp.327-342, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0034-4257(99)00081-4

W. P. Kustas and J. M. Norman, Evaluation of soil and vegetation heat flux predictions using a simple two-source model with radiometric temperatures for partial canopy cover, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.94, issue.1, pp.13-29, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-1923(99)00005-2

W. P. Kustas, J. M. Norman, T. J. Schmugge, and M. C. Anderson, Mapping surface energy fluxes with radiometric temperature, 2004.
DOI : 10.1201/9780203502174-c8

W. P. Kustas, G. R. Diak, and J. M. Norman, Time difference methods for monitoring regional scale heat fluxes with remote sensing, American Geophysical Union Water Science and Application Series, vol.58, issue.D17, pp.15-29, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/WS003p0015

W. P. Kustas and J. M. Norman, Use of remote sensing for evapotranspiration monitoring over land surfaces, Hydrological Sciences Journal, vol.74, issue.18, pp.495-516, 1996.
DOI : 10.1080/02626669609491522

J. P. Lagouarde, J. M. Bonnefond, Y. H. Kerr, K. J. Mcaneney, and M. Irvine, Integrated sensible heat flux measurements of a two-surface composite landscape using scintillometry, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol.105, issue.1, pp.5-35, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1019631428921

J. Lhomme, B. Monteny, and M. Amadou, Estimating sensible heat flux from radiometric temperature over sparse millet, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.68, issue.1-2, pp.77-91, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-1923(94)90070-1

A. Marx, H. Kunstmann, D. Schuttemeyer, and A. F. Moene, Uncertainty analysis for satellite derived sensible heat fluxes and scintillometer measurements over Savannah environment and comparison to mesoscale meteorological simulation results, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.148, issue.4, pp.656-667, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.11.009

M. F. Mccabe and E. F. Wood, Scale influences on the remote estimation of evapotranspiration using multiple satellite sensors, Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.105, issue.4, pp.271-285, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rse.2006.07.006

J. R. Mecikalski, G. R. Diak, M. C. Anderson, and J. M. Norman, Estimating Fluxes on Continental Scales Using Remotely Sensed Data in an Atmospheric???Land Exchange Model, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.38, issue.9, pp.1352-1369, 1999.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1999)038<1352:EFOCSU>2.0.CO;2

A. F. Moene, Effects of water vapour on the structure parameter of the refractive index for near-infrared radiation, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol.107, issue.3, pp.635-653, 2003.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1022807617073

M. S. Moran, K. S. Humes, and P. J. Pinter, The scaling characteristics of remotelysensed variables for sparsely vegetated heterogeneous landscapes, Journal of Hydrology, vol.190, pp.3-4, 1997.

J. Noilhan, P. Lacarrere, A. J. Dolman, and E. M. Blyth, Defining area-average parameters in meteorological models for land surfaces with mesoscale heterogeneity, Journal of Hydrology, vol.190, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1694(96)03131-9

J. M. Norman, W. P. Kustas, and K. S. Humes, Source approach for estimating soil and vegetation energy fluxes in observations of directional radiometric surface temperature, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.77, issue.3-4, pp.263-293, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-1923(95)02265-Y

J. M. Norman, J. Kustas, H. Prueger, and G. R. Diak, Surface flux estimation using radiometric temperature: A dual-temperature-difference method to minimize measurement errors, Water Resources Research, vol.58, issue.D17, pp.2263-2274, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000WR900033

J. M. Norman, M. C. Anderson, W. P. Kustas, A. N. French, J. R. Mecikalski et al., -m pixel resolutions, Water Resources Research, vol.58, issue.6, p.122110, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2002WR001775

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00807189

J. M. Norman, M. C. Anderson, and W. P. Kustas, Are Single-Source, Remote-Sensing Surface-Flux Models Too Simple?, AIP Conference Proceedings, pp.170-177, 2006.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2349341

G. R. Ochs and J. J. Wilson, A Second-Generation Large-Aperture Scintillometer, pp.117-149, 1993.

H. A. Panofsky and J. A. Dutton, Atmospheric Turbulence: Models and Methods for Engineering Applications, p.pp, 1984.
DOI : 10.2172/4200924

M. R. Raupach and J. J. Finnigan, Scale issues in boundary-layer meteorology: Surface energy balances in heterogeneous terrain, Hydrological Processes, vol.117, issue.5-6, pp.5-6, 1995.
DOI : 10.1002/hyp.3360090509

J. A. Santanello and M. A. Friedl, Diurnal Covariation in Soil Heat Flux and Net Radiation, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.42, issue.6, pp.851-862, 2003.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(2003)042<0851:DCISHF>2.0.CO;2

P. J. Sellers, M. D. Heiser, F. G. Hall, S. B. Verma, R. L. Desjardins et al., The impact of using area-averaged land surface properties ? topography, vegetation condition, soil wetness ? in calculations of intermediate scale (approximately 10 km 2 ) surface atmosphere heat and moisture fluxes, Journal of Hydrology, vol.190, pp.3-4, 1997.

W. J. Shuttleworth and R. J. Gurney, The theoretical relationship between foliage temperature and canopy resistance in sparse crops, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.75, issue.492, pp.497-519, 1990.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49711649213

W. J. Shuttleworth, Z. Yang, and M. A. Arain, Aggregation rules for surface parameters in global models, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, pp.217-226, 1997.
DOI : 10.5194/hess-1-217-1997

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00304389

Z. Su, The Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) for estimation of turbulent heat fluxes, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol.6, issue.1, pp.85-99, 2002.
DOI : 10.5194/hess-6-85-2002

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00304651

M. Sugita and W. Brutsaert, Daily evaporation over a region from lower boundary layer profiles measured with radiosondes, Water Resources Research, vol.26, issue.12, pp.747-752, 1991.
DOI : 10.1029/90WR02706

C. J. Watts, A. Chehbouni, J. Rodriguez, Y. H. Kerr, O. K. Hartogensis et al., Comparison of sensible heat flux estimates using AVHRR with scintillometer measurements over semi-arid grassland in northwest Mexico, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.105, issue.1-3, pp.81-89, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-1923(00)00188-X

E. K. Webb, G. I. Pearman, and R. Leuning, Correction of flux measurements for density effects due to heat and water vapour transfer, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.28, issue.447, pp.85-100, 1980.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49710644707

M. L. Wesely, The Combined Effect of Temperature and Humidity Fluctuations on Refractive Index, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.15, issue.1, pp.43-49, 1976.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1976)015<0043:TCEOTA>2.0.CO;2

L. Zhang and R. Lemeur, Evaluation of daily evapotranspiration estimates from instantaneous measurements, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.74, issue.1-2, pp.139-154, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-1923(94)02181-I