Les éthiques du partage des avantages dans la gouvernance internationale de la biodiversité sauvage et cultivée

Abstract : Access to genetic resources and benefits sharing arising from their development in international law mechanisms rely on very different conceptions of justice neither it concerns the CBD framework (Convention on Biological Diversity) or the ITPGRFA one's (International Treaty of FAO on agricultural genetic resources). This article shows that the contractual market ethics of the CBD is rather a Rawlsian conception of justice recognizing that inequalities may be fair if they give rise to compensation, while FAO will make genetic resources a global public good for easy access in a shared system is similar to a libertarian conception of justice favoring the freedom to operate for industries and researchers.
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Submitted on : Sunday, July 6, 2014 - 8:34:44 AM
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Frédéric Thomas. Les éthiques du partage des avantages dans la gouvernance internationale de la biodiversité sauvage et cultivée. Revue d'éthique publique, 2014, Volume 16 (Numéro 1), pp.181-198. ⟨ird-01018838⟩

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