Des axes et des pôles : corridors ouest-africains et développement territorial au Mali

Abstract : Considered as markers in the West African economic space, international transport corridors operate as circulation territories linking the coastal areas to hinterlands of varying sizes. One of the characteristcs of this spatial entity is the presence of one or several infrastructures passing through the territories without necessarily being well integrated or having any structuring effects. In this context, we express the hypothesis that international transport network nodes are not always structuring hubs for the territories crossed. To understand the interaction between a corridor and local development, the aim is not to question the efficiency of the corridor and the transport modes, but rather to question the nodes that lie along it. Designing a corridor without focusing on these spatial points leads to a lack of meaning and favors the interests of international logistics groups. Conversely, examining the links between international traffic and local traffic makes it possible to question the spatial integration process and thus territorial development with a more critical eye. It is this change in focus that we have chosen. The objective of this paper is to present the work underway to observe, measure and analyze the functioning of the West African corridors and connections installed in the spaces they cross. Using a qualitative and empirical approch, our study questions both the paradigm of the structuring effect and that of territorial destructuring by network approaches. However, we also endeavor to go beyond our experience and observations in the field, to attempt to generalize our message using theoretical figures. We will use the international corridors serving Mali as an example, emphasizing the multiplication of options (part I) and the reinforcement of certain nodes and the decline of others (part II), and distinguishing the logic of spatial exclusion by the corridor from the logic of spatial inclusion around certain urban hubs (part III).
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Jérôme Lombard, Olivier Ninot. Des axes et des pôles : corridors ouest-africains et développement territorial au Mali. Géotransports, Commission de Géographie des Transports, 2013, Transport et développement des territoires, p.191-204. ⟨ird-01098267⟩

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