. St, Andrews and Trench Town are downtown areas of the capital city Kingston, inhabited mainly by lower middle class and working poor Jamaicans

F. Alvaranga and D. Mack, and Mortimo Planno were the three Rastafarians participating in the official 1961 Back-to-Africa mission set up by the Jamaican Government

G. Bonacci, Exodus ! L'histoire du retour des Rastafariens en Ethiopie, 1994.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-01505409

R. Hepner, Movement of Jah People " : Race, Class and Religion among the Rastafari of Jamaica and New York City, Diss. New School for Social Research, 1998.

F. Van-dijk and . Jan, The twelve tribes of Israel: Rasta and the middle class, New West Indian Guide / Nieuwe West-Indische Gids, vol.62, issue.1-2, pp.1-2, 1988.
DOI : 10.1163/13822373-90002044

S. Vaughan, Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia, 2003.