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Weathering history and landscape evolution of Western Ghats (India) from 40 Ar/ 39 Ar dating of supergene K-Mn oxides

Abstract : Laterites preserved on both sides of the Western Ghats Escarpment of Peninsular India have formed by long-term lateritic weathering essentially after India-Seychelles continental break up following Deccan Traps emplacement (c. 63 Ma ago). Supergene manganese ores of the Western Ghats were formed on Late Archean manganese protores. Among Mn oxides composing the ores, cryptomelane (K-rich Mn oxide) was characterized and dated by 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. Measured ages complement those previously obtained in other South-Indian manganese ores from the hinterland plateau (Bonnet et al., 2016) and further document three major weathering periods, c. 53-44 Ma, c. 39-22 Ma, and c. 14-10 Ma, the later being documented for the first time in India. These periods coincide with global paleoclimatic proxies and date the lateritic weathering of three successive paleolandscapes of the Western Ghats that evolved under slow denudation (c. 8 m/myr) over the last 44 Myr and were mostly incised during the Neogene (< 22 Ma). That indicates the Western Ghats are a relict of a South Indian plateau preserved at the headwaters of very long east-flowing river systems and above the Western Ghats escarpment. Topography and denudation history of this landscape do not require Neogene tilt of the Peninsula as recently proposed.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 2:07:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 16, 2022 - 11:46:09 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, February 20, 2020 - 4:10:34 PM


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A. Jean, Anicet Beauvais, D. Chardon, Nicolas Olivier Arnaud, M. Jayananda, et al.. Weathering history and landscape evolution of Western Ghats (India) from 40 Ar/ 39 Ar dating of supergene K-Mn oxides. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 2020, 177 (3), pp.523-536. ⟨10.1144/jgs2019-048⟩. ⟨ird-02356085v2⟩



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