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L’anthropologie engagée dans la lutte contre Ebola (2014-2016) : approches, contributions et nouvelles questions

Abstract : Anthropologists contributed to the response to the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in three ways : as Ebola experts, cultural mediators between populations and caregivers, and researchers. This article presents a preliminary review of approaches, contributions and related issues based on a literature review, case studies and debates. The anthropological research discussed in this article concerns four themes : epidemiological contexts of transmission ; cultural interpretation of illness and social responses ; social construction of stakeholders’ experience ; critical analysis of public health interventions. In addition to insightful contributions, particularly regarding the socio-political contexts and their interfaces with global public health measures, anthropologists tested forms of communication to facilitate access of public health actors to their results. However, these heterogeneous forms of engagement raise a number of questions, especially when they reflect anthropological interpretations that exclude any critical or reflexive dimension, or when anthropology is considered to be similar to social intervention. Nevertheless, anthropological research provides a major contribution, which could be even greater if transnational networks set up by researchers to analyse the socio-political, economic and biocultural dimensions of emerging epidemics are supported in order to improve “preparedness” for future health crises.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 27, 2021 - 11:49:26 PM
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Alice Desclaux, Julienne Anoko, Francis Akindes, Blandine Bila, Moustapha Diop, et al.. L’anthropologie engagée dans la lutte contre Ebola (2014-2016) : approches, contributions et nouvelles questions. Santé Publique, Société Française de Santé Publique, 2017, Dossier « Requestionner les approches de santé publique après Ebola ». Recherche originale, 29 (4), pp.477-485. ⟨10.3917/spub.174.0477⟩. ⟨ird-03123490⟩

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