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Spatial variation and temporal persistence of grapevine response to a soil texture gradient

Abstract : Studying the water transport in the soil-plant system requires information on the spatio-temporal variability of both subsystems and the ability to assess the impact of the soil heterogeneity and of the biological responses on the coupling between vegetation and its substrate. This study was conducted for 2 years in a vineyard in the Aude Valley, France, by measuring the particle size distribution of the topsoil, the instantaneous isotopic ratios (18O/16O, 2H/1H) of leaf water, annual shoot biomass production, and interannual persistence of this biomass along a 360 m transect. The resultant spatial series were analysed for their correlations and converted to spectra. Changes in the isotopic ratios along the transect reflect the soil texture gradient, suggesting that the vines root deeper on the gravel layers than elsewhere. This could provide a mechanism for the partial decoupling between soil and vegetation, and thus explain (1) the strong temporal persistence of the vegetation pattern, (2) the low overall correlation between biomass production and soil texture. The spectra show that this correlation concentrates at specific scales which correspond to a minimum variability in the shoot biomass. In this case, therefore, soil texture plays only a minor role in determining the spatial heterogeneity of shoot biomass in grapevine.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 10:27:38 AM
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T. Winkel, Serge Rambal, Thierry Bariac. Spatial variation and temporal persistence of grapevine response to a soil texture gradient. Geoderma, 1995, 68, pp.67-78. ⟨ird-03373255⟩



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