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Influence of water stress on grapevines growing in the field: From leaf to whole-plant response

T. Winkel 1 S Rambal 
Abstract : A comparative study of soil-plant water relations was conducted on three grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera L. cvv. carignane, merlot, shiraz) to investigate their adjustment to short-term and long-term water stress under field conditions. Adjustment was a function of the relative stability of the internal plant water status on diurnal and seasonal scales. On a diurnal scale, stomatal closure in response to water vapour pressure directly contributed to this stability. Indirect evidence suggested an influence of the soil water status on the diurnal stomatal activity. On a seasonal scale, sufficient leaf hydration required high whole-plant hydraulic conductance. This was achieved by either daily stomatal regulation or limitation of leaf area. Physiological adjustment to water stress through stomatal control was well developed in cv. carignane, which originated in a Mediterranean environment. However, cv. shiraz, which was of mesic origin, apparently adjusted to water stress by reducing leaf area. Our study demonstrates the utility of integrating data on stomatal conductance, leaf water potential and whole-plant hydraulic conductance to interpret whole plant adaptation to water stress, and elucidates two mechanisms by which genotypes differentially acclimate to water stress.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 2:22:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 11:09:34 AM
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T. Winkel, S Rambal. Influence of water stress on grapevines growing in the field: From leaf to whole-plant response. Functional Plant Biology, 1993, 20 (2), pp.143-157. ⟨10.1071/PP9930143⟩. ⟨ird-03373305⟩



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