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Human host genetics and susceptibility to ZIKV infection

Abstract : Managing emerging infectious diseases is a current challenge in the fields of microbiology and epidemiology. Indeed, among other environmental and human-related factors, climate change and global warming favor the emergence of new pathogens. The recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic, of which the large and rapid spread surprised the scientific community, is a reminder of the importance to study viruses currently responsible for sporadic infections. Increasing our knowledge of key factors involved in emerging infections is essential to implement specific monitoring that can be oriented according to the pathogen, targeted population, or at-risk environment. Recent technological developments, such as high-throughput sequencing, genome-wide association studies and CRISPR screenings have allowed the identification of human single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) involved in infectious disease outcome. This review focuses on the human genetic host factors that have been identified and shown to be associated with the pathogenesis of ZIKV infection and candidate SNP targets.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 10:12:23 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 10:43:03 AM
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Pauline Ferraris, Sineewanlaya Wichit, Nadège Cordel, Dorothée Missé. Human host genetics and susceptibility to ZIKV infection. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Elsevier, 2021, 95, pp.105066. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2021.105066⟩. ⟨ird-03610066⟩

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