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Cryptic adaptive radiation in tropical forest trees in N ew C aledonia

Abstract :  The causes of the species richness of tropical trees are poorly understood, in particular the roles of ecological factors such as soil composition. The nickel-hyperaccumulating tree genus Geissois (Cunoniaceae) from the SouthWest Pacific was chosen as model of diversification on different substrates.  We investigated the leaf element compositions, spatial distributions, and phylogeny of all species of Geissois occurring on New Caledonia.  We found that New Caledonian Geissois descended from a single colonist and diversified relatively quickly into 13 species. Species on ultramafic and non-ultramafic substrates showed contrasting patterns of leaf element composition and range overlap. Those on non-ultramafic substrates were largely sympatric but had distinct leaf element compositions. In contrast, species on ultramafic substrates showed similar leaf element composition, but occurred in many cases exclusively in allopatry. Further, earlier work showed that at least three out of these seven species use different molecules to bind nickel.  Geissois qualifies as a cryptic adaptive radiation, and may be the first such example in a lineage of tropical forest trees. Variation in biochemical strategies for coping with both typical and adverse soil conditions may help to explain the diversification and coexistence of tropical forest trees on similar soil types.
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Yohan Pillon, Helen Hopkins, Frédéric Rigault, Tanguy Jaffré, Elizabeth Stacy. Cryptic adaptive radiation in tropical forest trees in N ew C aledonia. New Phytologist, 2014, 202 (2), pp.521-530. ⟨10.1111/nph.12677⟩. ⟨ird-03635387⟩



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