Réforme agraire et reconfiguration du régime de gouvernementalité rurale dans Les Tuxtlas, Mexique, 1920-1945

Abstract : How has the issue of property rights to land been employed in the processes by which state and rural governmentality regimes are constructed in Mexico? The agrarian reform of 1917 has been seen as having played a decisive role in the reconfiguration of relations between the state and local government bodies. For its implementation opposed two conceptions of state power, citizenship, property and the market: the first centered on the autonomy of local systems of property rights and political governance; the second was based on the centralization and verticality of relations between the state and rural communities, with the state and labor union bureaucracies playing a structuring role in the allocation and regulation of land rights. From 1935 onwards, land distributions provided leverage for establishing coalitions between the agents of the central state and subaltern sectors of village societies. In seeking to emancipate themselves from traditional patriarchal structures of power, the latter set in motion multiple internal frontier processes that led to the reconfiguration of the politico-territorial and institutional structures of rural Mexico.
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Eric Léonard. Réforme agraire et reconfiguration du régime de gouvernementalité rurale dans Les Tuxtlas, Mexique, 1920-1945. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 2017, La gouvernementalité rurale dans les pays du Sud, pp.53-69. ⟨http://www.pressesdesciencespo.fr/fr/livre/?GCOI=27246100163920⟩. ⟨10.3917/crii.075.0053⟩. ⟨ird-01532187⟩

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