Parc naturel de la mer de Corail : une réglementation contraire aux objectifs de préservation

Abstract : The coral atolls of the New Caledonian Coral Sea Natural Park are among the last places in the Tropics with large colonies of a remarkable diversity of seabirds. They are also nesting sites for the green turtle. The reason is that these islets are protected by their remoteness and that seabirds and sea turtles are less affected by human disturbance than in sites closer to human activities. An essential objective of the Natural Park is the "preservation of heritage, rare, endangered and migratory species". A preliminary analysis of the Natural Park‘s management decrees taken in August 2018 reveals, however, that the government of New Caledonia intends to develop professional tourism activities there and that it plans to let cruise ships enter the nature reserves, possibly drop anchor, and disembark passengers. Ultimately, as is now well documented, tourism activities including those pretending to be "sustainable" and "respectful of nature" will inevitably lead to a demographic decline of the species most susceptible to disturbance by visitors, increasing the risk of their local extinction. Many of these species, including seabirds, sea turtles, sea snakes and marine mammals qualify as heritage, rare, endangered and migratory species. Therefore, there is a contradiction between the stated objectives and the regulations that have been published. This leads to the hypothesis that during the elaboration of the texts, results from previous scientific research were ignored and the conservation issues were not evaluated correctly.
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Submitted on : Sunday, December 9, 2018 - 7:08:34 PM
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Philippe Borsa. Parc naturel de la mer de Corail : une réglementation contraire aux objectifs de préservation. [Rapport de recherche] Institut de recherche pour le développement. 2018. ⟨ird-01949190v1⟩



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